Departure Procedures


Gain the skills associated with IFR departure procedures.


This is the required reading for this lesson. Numbers in [brackets] indicate the starting and ending page in the referenced reading material. Read all the pages and sections referenced.


The notes below highlight the important parts in the referenced material. Reading the notes without having read the actual referenced material is generally not sufficient to pass the written exam!

IFH - Chapter 10

  • Standard Instrument Departures (SID)
    • Always printer graphically
    • May be either
      • Conventional - Using radio Navigation
      • RNAV - Using GNSS equipment
  • Pilot navigation SIDs
    • Flown by pilot without additional guidance from ATC
  • Radar-Controlled Departures
    • Departure control provides vectors to
      • A navigation facility
      • En route position appropriate to the departure clearance
      • Transfer to another controller with further radar surveillance capabilities
  • Hybrid departures
    • Usually initial vector to first fix on departure
  • If a SID or STAR has been accepted in a clearance, compliance is mandatory

AIM - Para. 5-2-9

  • Obstacle Departure Procedure (ODP)
    • Provide obstruction clearance via the least onerous route
    • Unless otherwise specified, required obstacle clearance for all departures
      • Pilot crosses the departure end of the runway at least 35 feet above the departure end of runway
      • Climbs to 400 feet above the departure end of runway elevation before making the initial turn
      • Maintains a minimum climb gradient of 200 feet per nautical mile (FPNM)
    • A greater climb gradient may be specified in the DP to clear obstacles or to achieve an ATC crossing restriction

Tomas Hansson (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
Chief Flight Instructor, VATSTAR
DISCLAIMER: all information contained herein is for flight simulation purposes only.
March 2021

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