PPL Checkride Requirements

P1-PPL Checkride Requirements

This is a self-graded test, we do not have instructors you can book or grade your flight. If you need help you can ask in our Discord.

Watch this video to get a preview of the checkride: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lS-Csjwq4D4&t

Originating airport: Astoria Regional (KAST)
Simulated cross-country destination: To be decided by you.

Figure 1. Astoria (KAST) Taxi Diagram

Checkride Examination Requirements

Examination must be flown entirely without the use of a flight director or autopilot.

Pilot Rating Aircraft Requirements

Aircraft allowed to be used for this pilot rating must be:

  • Fixed wing
  • Single engine and Piston driven
  • Max Gross weight less than 5670kg (12,500lbs)

There are three possible outcomes of each listed task:

  1. Pass (satisfactory)
  2. Fail (unsatisfactory)
  3. Discontinuance

One or more failed (or incomplete) tasks automatically result in a failed (or discontinued) checkride. A retake should focus on the tasks that were marked as failed or incomplete during the original test however the evaluator has the discretion to re-evaluate any tasks. 


  • Aircraft speeds
    • Vy - Definition and actual speed in the aircraft being used
    • Vx - Definition and actual speed in the aircraft being used
    • Stall speed
  • Weather including winds aloft, icing conditions, go/no-go decision
  • Diversion in case of bad weather
  • Cross-country route
    • Airspaces classes incl. weather minima
    • ATC interaction (who is on-line, when to contact them)
    • Route selection (VOR or GPS navigation is NOT permitted)
    • Weather briefing
    • Fuel calculations
    • ETE, GS, MH
  • File flight plan including equipment

Emergency Procedures

  • Engine failure during takeoff run
  • Engine failure during flight
    • Best glide speed
    • Selection of landing area
  • Engine fire during start

General en-route

  • ATC communications (real or simulated)
  • Use of voice UNICOM
  • Loss of communications
  • Proper ATC Freq tuning
  • Proper phraseology


  • Full use of checklists
  • External checks
  • Start from cold-dark
  • Radio tuning
  • Appropriate use of mixture
  • Proper run-up procedures


  • Understanding ATC instructions
  • Steering on the taxiways
  • Instrument check (heading, turns, compass)
  • Lights
  • Wind corrections - actual or simulated
  • Runway incursion avoidance


  • Make radio calls
  • Verify runway, wind
  • Rotate and climb-out at Vy +10/-5 knots
  • Proper exit from traffic pattern
    • Straight out
    • 45 degree exit


  • Initial navigation using landmarks and deduced Reckoning (DR) only
  • Determine position - use of VOR or GPS equipment for assistance, if equipped
  • Intercept or track given course
  • Maintain assigned heading and altitude

Steep Turns

  • Determine that area is safe
  • Two 360 degree turns in opposite directions
  • Maintain altitude, airspeed and bank (45 degrees). Correct roll-out heading

Slow Flight

  • Determine that area is safe
  • Entry
  • Flight characteristics
  • Exit

Power-Off Stalls

  • Determine that area is safe
  • Approach or landing config
  • Transition into a stall
  • Stall recognition
  • Stall recovery
  • Return to altitude at Vy

Pattern Entry at Uncontrolled Airport

  • Determine standard traffic pattern (left or right)
  • Standard entries
    • Cross from upwind at +500 feet with 225 degree turn
    • Cross from upwind at pattern altitude with 90 degree turn onto downwind

Traffic Patterns

  • Proper calls
  • Segments of the pattern
  • Distance from runway, altitude, air speeds
  • 3-5 patterns including 1-2 go-arounds

Normal Approach and Landing

  • Runway selection and confirmation
  • Touchdown attitude and location
  • Crosswind correction - actual or simulated

Go-around/Rejected Landing

  • Go-around/Rejected landing considerations and execution
  • Risks with low-altitude maneuvering

Postflight Procedures

  • Taxi to parking
  • Securing aircraft back to dark & cold


Tomas Hansson (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
Chief Flight Instructor, VATSTAR
DISCLAIMER: all information contained herein is for flight simulation purposes only.
May 2023

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